The 2015 Paris United Nations Climate Change Conference postulates a limitation of global warming of less than 2°C as a minimum goal to revent a substantial change of the earth’s climate. To reach this goal, the emission of greenhouse gas emissions has to be drastically reduced. Politically independent studies show that for industrial nations such as Germany, the necessary 95% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2050 can only be realized by a radical transformation towards renewable concepts for electricity and heat supply, mobility, and industrial processes. This necessitates a rapid development of technologies to preserve natural resources, which will have to comprise a largely increased variety of different thermo-and electrochemical processes. A substantial part of thermo-chemical processes is based on combustion technologies, which need to be converted to using renewable fuels within only a few years. The necessary innovations require a high level of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental coupled physical and chemical processes. Furthermore, mathematically-based modeling techniques are needed to support predictive design of new processes by numerical simulations. In this context, the goal of the seminar is to identify the challenges associated with the transformation of energy and mobility systems, to discuss the state-of-the-art, and to highlight research needs. Besides invited presentations on mobility and the energy economy, also combustion technologies that go beyond the purpose of energy conversions, for instance for material synthesis, will be discussed. Further to the intense scientific exchange, also different viewpoints of industry, associations, and national research laboratories will be considered in the discussions.